1891 Basketball was invented by a Canadian
Dr James Naismith at Springfield College, Massachusetts. The College
was the International YMCA Training School. The game was invented to
provide an indoor activity for trainee YMCA Leaders. For the first game
peach baskets were nailed at each end of the gymnasium.
1892 The first set of rules were published
and distributed throughout the YMCA movement. The name was called after
the first goals - Basketball. Through the YMCA movement the game spread
rapidly in the USA and Canada.
1892 Basketball was first played in England
at Birkenhead YMCA. The Club President, Mr C.J. Proctor had seen the
game on a business trip to Canada. The game was developed in Merseyside
1893 Madame Berman Osterberg introduced
the game to students at her Physical Training College in Hampstead (later
Dartford College of P.E.). Changes to the game were made which lead
to the first rules of Netball being published in 1901.
1898 First professional league established
in the USA. Won by Trenton a former YMCA team.
1911 Basketball was first played at Birmingham
1924 Basketball was introduced as a demonstration
sport at the Paris Olympic Games. Great Britain won the title. They
were represented by London Central YMCA who were the National YMCA Champions.
1927 Harlem Globetrotters were formed
by London born Abe Saperstein.
1932 The International Basketball Federation
(FIBA) was formed in Geneva, Switzerland. William Jones - a Welshman
was elected Secretary, a post he held until 1976.
1936 The English Basketball Association
was formed at a meeting at London Central YMCA.
1936 Hoylake YMCA lifted the prestigious
George Williams Trophy as they won the inaugural National Championship
Final, 32 - 21, against London Polytechnic in Birmingham.
1936 A Basketball tournament for men was
included in the Olympic Games for the first time. This was won by the
USA who beat Canada in the final which was played outside in the rain.
1938 England played their first International
fixture. The match was against Germany in Lille (France) and resulted
in a win for England by 45 - 37.
1949 The NBA (National Basketball Association)
was formed in the USA. This has become the most high profile and best
professional Basketball league in the world.
1957 The English Schools Basket Ball Association
1972 Perhaps the most memorable basketball
match of all time took place, the 1972 Men’s Olympic Final between
the USA and USSR, won famously by the USSR (51 - 50) in the final seconds
of the game. The silver medals remain in a Munich bank vault as the
vanquished Americans declined to accept them.
1972 The English National Basketball League
for Men was established. Contested by six teams, the first title was
won by the Avenue Club from London.
1975 The English National Basketball League
for Women was formed. The first title was won by the Tigers (Hertfordshire).
1976 Basketball for Women's Teams is included
in the Olympic Games for the first time. The USSR won gold.
1992 Professional players from the NBA
were permitted to play in the Olympic Tournament. The "Dream Team"
from the USA beat Croatia in the Final .
1997 The NBA expands with the formation
of the Women’s National Basketball Association.
1998 January, The Harlem Globetrotters,
the world famous American Team of ‘Entertainers’ play their
20,000th game in Remington, Indiana.
1999 A record 219 teams enter EBBA National
League Competitions from Cadet (U16) to Senior level. In addition another
100 clubs are expected to compete at Passerelle level (U13, U14, U15).
2000 England Basketball international
John Amaechi is elected into the NBA Hall of Fame for scoring the first
basket in the NBA in the new millennium for his team, Orlando Magic.
2001 The International Basketball Federation
(FIBA) reach 211 member nations, the second largest of all the world’s